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Gas parameters

The main difference between Acala EVM+ and legacy EVM is that we need to use pre-computed gasPrice and gasLimit (we will refer them as "gas parameters"). Manually inputting random gas parameters is discouraged.
If you just need a quick help with the gas parameters and are not interested in the explanation, you can expand this section.

Context

As Acala EVM+ is running on a substrate chain, gas parameters need to encode three substrate parameters: gasLimit, storageLimit, and validUntil. We need to provide a delicate ratio of gasPrice to gasLimit, so that they can be decoded correctly into the substrate parameters. Randomly changing just one of the gas parameters likely to results in a bad parameter decoding.
For example, when user sends token with MetaMask, they will get the gas parameter values of 201.996894218 gwei for gasPrice, and a gasLimit of 342312. After the user sends this transaction, these gas parameters will be decoded to validUntil value of 914096, gasLimit value of 21000 and storageLimit value of 641.
Although this part is incompatible with the legacy EVM, it is actually an advantage of the Acala EVM+, which is able to utilise some features that cannot be found in the legacy EVM. By using validUntil parameter we can avoid transaction being stuck in the transaction pool indefinitely, and by using storageLimit we are able to encourage the developers to remove the data they don't need from the chain, in order to reduce the chain bloat.

Getting the Gas parameters

For users

Users don't have to compute gas parameters by themselves:
  • When sending tokens, MetaMask will call the RPC endpoint to get the correct gas parameters for them automatically.
  • When signing a transaction, dApps should compute the correct gas parameters and pass these values to the MetaMask, so users just sign a valid transaction.
The only thing that need to pay attention to, is to not modify the transaction parameters within MetaMask, otherwise the transaction will fail due to bad decoding. We thus encourage you to add the warning against such actions within the user interface of your dApps.

For developers

Developers need to compute correct gas parameters when deploying contracts.
This is because the default gas parameters computed by the tools (MetaMask, Truffle, Hardhat, etc..) have a storageLimit of 641, which is not a limit big enough to store a contract.
On the other hand, smart contract calls won't need this step in most cases, since the default parameters are sufficient for most of the smart contract calls. In some cases if a smart contract call uses an amount of storage that is greater than the default storageLimit, valid gas parameters have to be computed.
There are three ways to get valid gas parameters for a transaction:
  • Using an RPC call
  • Using hardcoded values
  • Using an SDK helper

Using an RPC call

Getting valid gas parameters is as easy as initiating the following call:
curl --location --request GET 'https://eth-rpc-mandala.aca-staging.network' \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "eth_getEthGas",
"params": [],
"id": 1
}'
The following call will return the same result as using default substrate parameters:
curl --location --request GET 'https://eth-rpc-mandala.aca-staging.network' \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "eth_getEthGas",
"params": [
{
"gasLimit": 21000000,
"storageLimit": 64100,
"validUntil": current block + 100
}
],
"id": 1
}'
Custom substrate parameters can be passed as well. For example if we want to get the gas parameters for a transaction that should be valid until block 10000000:
curl --location --request GET 'https://eth-rpc-mandala.aca-staging.network' \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"method": "eth_getEthGas",
"params": [
{
"gasLimit": 21000000,
"storageLimit": 64100,
"validUntil": 10000000
}
],
"id": 1
}'
This is the result, with is the valid gasPrice and gasLimit for transactions to use:
{
"id": 1,
"jsonrpc": "2.0",
"result":{
"gasPrice": "0x33a70303ea",
"gasLimit": "0x329b140"
}
}

Using hardcoded values

Let's use the successfully computed a gas parameters from the previous example:
"result":{
"gasPrice": "0x33a70303ea",
"gasLimit": "0x329b140"
}
these parameters are valid until block number 10000000 and can be reused until this block number is reached.

Using an SDK helper

A thorough explanation about this method can be found in the tutorials. This is the snippet of how the sample code that returns the transaction parameters looks like:
import { calcEthereumTransactionParams } from '@acala-network/eth-providers';
const txFeePerGas = '199999946752';
const storageByteDeposit = '100000000000000'; // for Mandala/Karura
// const storageByteDeposit = '300000000000000'; // for Acala
const ethParams = calcEthereumTransactionParams({
gasLimit: 21000000,
validUntil: curblockNumber + 100, // or hardcode a very big number
storageLimit: 64001,
txFeePerGas,
storageByteDeposit
});
console.log({
txGasPrice: txGasPrice.toNumber(),
txGasLimit: txGasLimit.toNumber(),
});

Overriding transaction Gas parameters

After getting the valid gas parameters, we can override the smart contract deployment transaction gas parameters so that the smart contract gets successfully deployed.

Hardhat

Transaction parameters need to be overriden for each transaction:
- const instance = await HelloWorld.deploy(callParams)
+ const instance = await HelloWorld.deploy(callParams, gasOverrides)

Truffle

Gas overrides can be specified globally in truffle-config.js
{
...
gasPrice: xxx,
gas: yyy,
}

MetaMask

The details on how to use the modified gas parameters can be found here.

Remix IDE

The details on how to use the modified gas parameters can be found here.

Limitations and Further Improvements

Since users are unable to change the gas parameters, we currently don't support speeding up the transactions. In the future we might be able to use EIP-1559 or a new algorithm to support the Substrate tip.

Gas price calculation

If you are interested exactly how the gas price is calculated, you are welcome to expand the following section:
Gas parameters calculation equation